VKC Signs1

  • Limbal opacities
  • Cobblestone papillae
  • Horner-Trantas dots

VKC Symptoms1,2
(typically bilateral, rarely asymmetric)

  • Mucous/Serous discharge
  • Tearing
  • Hyperemia
  • Intense itching
  • Photophobia
  • Foreign body sensation
  • Pain

1. Bremond-Gignac D et al. Br J Ophthalmol. 2008;92:1097-1102; 2. Leonardi A et al. Ophthalmol Ther. 2013;2:73-88.

Complications of VKC

Complications/adverse outcomes:

  • Corneal ulceration/perforation and impaired vision1
  • Corneal vascularization2
  • Plaque formation2
  • Superficial punctate keratitis2,3
  • Shield ulcers2,3
  • Corneal scarring1
  • Blindness1
  • Negative social & educational impact1
  • Reduces quality of life1

Shield Ulcer

1. Vishyanond P et al. Ped Allerg Immunol. 2014;25:314-322; 2. Kumar S et al. Acta Ophthalmol. 2009;87:133-147; 3. Bremond-Gignac D et al. Br J Ophthalmol. 2008;92:1097-1102.

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